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Actes de la conférence > Par auteur > Robinet Alain

Mud pumping and interlayer creation in railway sub-structure
Trong Vinh Duong  1@  , Yu-Jun Cui  2@  , Anh Minh Tang  1@  , Nicolas Calon  3@  , Alain Robinet  3@  , Jean-Claude Dupla  1@  
1 : Navier
École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC)
Marne La vallée -  France
2 : Navier
Marne La vallée -  France
3 : SNCF
La Plaine Saint Denis -  France

The driving factors for the interlayer creation and mud pumping phenomena in railway sub-structure was investigated through physical model tests on a ballast layer overlying a sub-soil layer under different conditions in terms of water content, loading and sub-soil dry unit mass. The physical model was equipped with various sensors and devices allowing water content, pore water pressure, axial displacement to be monitored. Visual observations were also made using a digital camera. It was observed that the ballast behavior depends on the sub-soil state. Both the interlayer creation and mud pumping are related to the migration of fine particles, and the water content of the sub-soil is the most important factor for this migration. Under the unsaturated conditions, the ballast/sub-soil interface did not change. On the contrary, under the near saturated conditions, significant migration of fine particles occurred. In case of low dry unit mass, the dissipation of high pore water pressure in the sub-soil gave rise to mud pumping. In case of higher dry unit mass, the excess pore water pressure was lower due to the smaller volume change of sub-soil. As a result, the effect of water pressure dissipation was limited and the upward migration of fine particles was only due to the penetration of ballast into the sub-soil, thereby, forming the interlayer.

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